Metabolism: Tricarboxylic Acid or TCA Cycle MCQ

Tricarboxylic Acid or TCA Cycle

1) The conversion of pyruvate to acetyl CoA is catalyzed by the enzyme pyruvate dehydrogenase. In this reaction
a) NADPH is oxidized to NADP
b) NADH is oxidized to NAD
c) NADP is reduced to NADPH
d) NAD is reduced to NADH

2) The conversion of pyruvate to acetyl CoA is known as
a) Oxidative decarboxylation
b) Oxidative phosphorylation
c) Reductive biosynthesis
d) Reductive decarboxylation

3) Which of the following is false regarding enzyme pyruvate dehydrogenase?
a) It is a multi-enzyme complex
b) It catalyzes the reversible reaction (conversion of pyruvate to acetyl CoA)
c) The pyruvate dehydrogenase complex is a mitochondrial enzyme
d) It requires thiamine, flavin and nicotine vitamin co-enzymes

4) Which of the following is not the regulator of pyruvate dehydrogenase?
a) Calcium
b) Acetyl CoA
c) ATP
d) Citrate

5) Arsenic binds to the thiol group of lipoic acid and interferes with the activity of enzymes that require lipoic acid as a co-factor. Which of the following enzyme does not require lipoic acid?
a) Pyruvate dehydrogenase
b) Isocitrate dehydrogenase
c) Malate dehydrogenase
d) Branched-chain amino acid dehydrogenase

6) Citrate synthase is the enzyme that catalyzes the condensation of acetyl CoA and oxaloacetate to citrate. Which of the following is an activator of this enzyme?
a) Succinyl CoA
b) NADH
c) Fatty Acyl CoA
d) ADP

7) Which of the following enzyme catalyzes substrate-level phosphorylation i.e conversion of GDP to GTP?
a) Malate dehydrogenase
b) Fumarase
c) Isocitrate dehydrogenase
d) Succinyl CoA thiokinase

8) When two carbon Acetyl CoA is oxidized to CO2, the total yield of ATP is
a) 8
b) 12
c) 14
d) 16

9) Which of the following is not the irreversible reaction of Kreb's cycle?
a) Isocitrate dehydrogenase
b) Alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase
c) Citrate synthase
d) Malate dehydrogenase

10) Which of the following enzyme causes congenital lactic acidosis
a) Isocitrate dehydrogenase
b) Alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase
c) Pyruvate dehydrogenase
d) Malate dehydrogenase

Multiple Choice Answers
1- d) NAD is reduced to NADH
2- a) Oxidative decarboxylation
3-b) It catalyzes the reversible reaction (conversion of pyruvate to acetyl CoA)
4-d) Citrate
5-c) Malate dehydrogenase
6-d) ADP
7-d) Succinyl CoA thiokinase
8-b) 12
9-d) Malate dehydrogenase
10-c) Pyruvate dehydrogenase