Preparatory Guide on Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, Physiology, Microbiology, Immunology, Pharmacology & Drug Discovery
Collection of 1500 plus MCQs

Carbohydrate Metabolism: MCQ on Glycolysis &Gluconeogenesis

Multiple Choice Questions on Glycolysis, Gluconeogenesis, and Hexose sugar metabolism

1) Which of the following enzyme is not involved in galactose metabolism?
a) Glucokinase
b) Galactokinase
c) Galactose-1-Phosphate Uridyl transferase
d) UDP-Galactose 4- epimerase

2) Which of the following enzyme is defective in galactosemia- a fatal genetic disorder in infants?
a) Glucokinase
b) Galactokinase
c) Galactose-1-Phosphate Uridyl transferase
d) UDP-Galactose 4- epimerase

3) In the liver, the accumulation of which of the following metabolite attenuates the inhibitory of ATP on phosphofructokinase?
a) Glucose-6-Phosphate
b) Citrate
c) Fructose-1,6-Bisphosphate
d) Fructose-2,6-Bisphosphate

4) Mutation in which of the following enzymes leads to a glycogen storage disease known as Tarui’s disease?
a) Glucokinase
b)Phosphofructokinase
c) Phosphoglucomutase
d) Pyruvate Kinase

5) Erythrocytes undergo glycolysis for production of ATP. The deficiency of ……………. enzyme leads to hemolytic anemia?
a) Glucokinase
b)Phosphofructokinase
c) Phosphoglucomutase
d) Pyruvate Kinase

6) Cancer cells have high energy demands for replication and division. Increased flux of glucose into glycolysis replenishes the energy demand. Which of the following enzyme plays an important role in tumor metabolism?
a) Glucokinase
b)Phosphofructokinase
c) Phosphoglucomutase
d) Pyruvate Kinase M2

7) Which of the following glucose transporter (GLUT) are important in insulin-dependent glucose uptake?
a) GLUT1
b) GLUT2
c) GLUT3
d) GLUT4

8) Which of the following glucose transporter (GLUT) is present in beta cells of the pancreas?
a) GLUT1
b) GLUT2
c) GLUT3
d) GLUT4

9) Which of the following glucose transporter (GLUT) is important in fructose transport in the intestine?
a) GLUT1
b) GLUT3
c) GLUT5
d) GLUT7

10) Which of the following metabolite negatively regulates pyruvate kinase?
a) Fructose-1,6-Bisphosphate
b) Citrate
c) Acetyl CoA
d) Alanine

11) In absence of oxygen, pyruvate is converted into lactate in muscle because
a) Lactate is a substrate from the downstream pathway
b) Lactate acts as a substrate for the formation of the amino acid
c) during the product of lactate two ATP are produced
d) during lactate formation, NADH is reconverted into NAD.

12) Which of the following glycolytic enzyme is inhibited by the accumulation of long chain fatty acid in the liver?
a) Hexokinase
b) Glucokinase
c)Phosphofructokinase
d) Pyruvate kinase

13) Which of the following statement related to phosphofructokinase-I is false:
a) PFK-2 is the isoenzyme of PFK-1 that is present in the liver
b) PFK-1 is activated by AMP whereas inhibited by ATP and citrate
c) The binding of ATP to PFK-1 induces the conformation change from R to T state
d) PFK-1 is regulated by posttranslational modification such as phosphorylation

14) Which of the following statement about Phosphofructokinase-2 (PFK-2) is false?
a) PFK-2 is a bifunctional enzyme having kinase domain, phosphatase domain, and regulatory domain
b) Activated protein kinase A phosphorylates PFK-2 and activates phosphatase domain
c) PFK-2 catalyzes the conversion of fructose-6-phosphate to fructose 2-6 bisphosphate
d) PFK-2 phosphatase activity is activated by the insulin signaling pathway.

15) Which of the following hormone decreases blood glucose and increases uptake of glucose in various tissues like skeletal muscle, adipose tissues?
a) Glucagon
b) Epinephrine
c) Cortisol
d) Insulin

16) Which of the following statement is true?
a) Glycolysis occurs only in mammalian cells
b) Glycolysis occurs in mitochondria
c) Glycolysis occurs in the presence and absence of oxygen
d) Glycolysis occurs when ATP concentration is high.

17) What is the rate-limiting step in glycolysis?
a) Hexokinase
b) Phosphohexose isomerase
c) Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase
d) Enolase

18) The net gain of ATP during the conversion of glucose to pyruvate is:
a) 1 ATP
b) 2 ATP
c) 1 ATP +1 GTP
d) 4 ATP

19) During the conversion of glucose to pyruvate, two NADH molecules are generated. Which of the following steps generates NADH?
a) Conversion of fructose-6-phosphate to fructose-1-6-bisphosphate
b) Conversion of glyceraldehydes-3-phosphate to 1-3-bisphosphoglycerate
c)Conversion of 3-phosphoglycerate to 2-phosphoglycerate
d) Conversion of phosphoenolpyruvate to pyruvate

20) What is the committed step in glycolysis?
a) Conversion of glucose to glucose-6-phosphate
b) Conversion of fructose-6-phosphate to fructose-1,6-bisphosphate
c) Conversion of glyceraldehydes-3-phosphate to 1-3-bisphosphoglycerate
d) Conversion of 3-phosphoglycerate to 2-phosphoglycerate

21) Glycolysis consists of three irreversible steps. Which of the following enzyme catalyzed reaction are not irreversible steps in glycolysis?
a) Hexokinase
b) Phosphofructokinase
c) Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate kinase
d) Pyruvate kinase

22) The following are the negative regulators of phosphofructokinase except
a) ATP
b) AMP
c) Citrate
d) pH

23) Which of the following step is inhibited by sodium fluoride?
a) Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase
b) 3-phosphoglycerate mutase
c) Enolase
b) AMP

24) Which of the following step is inhibited during arsenate poisoning?
a) Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase
b) 3-phosphoglycerate mutase
c) Enolase
d) Pyruvate kinase

25)Which of the following enzyme catalyzes the conversion of pyruvate to lactate?
a) Pyruvate reductase
b) Lactate reductase
c) Lactate dehydrogenase
d) Pyruvate dehydrogenase

26) Glucokinase is an isoenzyme of hexokinase that has high Km and Vmax. Which of the following organ expresses glucokinase?
a) Kidney
b) Muscle
c) Liver
d) Brain

27) Gluconeogenesis is the production of glucose from non-carbohydrate molecules. Which of the following is not substrate for gluconeogenesis?
a) Lactate
b) Alanine
c) Glycerol
d) Acetyl CoA

28) Gluconeogenesis occurs in liver and kidney. Which is of the following enzyme are important for gluconeogenesis are expressed exclusively in these tissues?
a) Glucose-6-phosphatase
b) Fructose-1,6-Bisphosphatase
c) Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase
d) Pyruvate carboxylase

29) During gluconeogenesis, the three irreversible steps of glycolysis have to be bypassed. The first step is the conversion of pyruvate to phosphoenolpyruvate. Which of the following statement is false regarding the reaction step?
a) This reaction involves two-step process catalyzed by pyruvate carboxylase and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase
b) Conversion of oxaloacetate from pyruvate occurs in mitochondria and shuttled into the cytosol.
c) Formation of phosphoenolpyruvate requires both ATP and GTP as an energy source.
d) Acetyl CoA is an activator of enzyme pyruvate carboxylase.

30) During gluconeogenesis, the three irreversible steps of glycolysis have to be bypassed. The final step is the conversion of glucose-6-P to glucose that is catalyzed by glucose-6-phosphatase. Which of the following statement is true about the reaction step?
a) Conversion of glucose-6-phosphate to glucose releases one ATP molecule
b) It is a highly active enzyme in skeletal muscle
c) The defect in glucose-6-phosphatase leads to abnormal accumulation of glycogen in the liver
d) The reaction occurs in mitochondria

31) Which of the following statement is true about the Cori Cycle?
a) The Cori cycle involves three tissues muscle, liver and brain
b) It involves transport of lactate from the liver to skeletal tissue for gluconeogenesis
c) It involves transport of lactate from skeletal muscle to liver for gluconeogenesis
d) It is active during resting stages and well-fed condition

32) During prolonged starvation, which of the following hormone is responsible for increasing gluconeogenesis in the liver?
a) Insulin
b) Glucagon
c) TSH
d) Thyroxine

Multiple Choice Answer Review
1-d) UDP-Galactose 4- epimerase
2-c) Galactose-1-Phosphate Uridyl transferase
3- d) Fructose-2,6-Bisphosphate
4-b)Phosphofructokinase
5-d) Pyruvate Kinase
6-d) Pyruvate Kinase M2
7-d) GLUT4
8-b) GLUT2
9-c) GLUT5
10-d) Alanine
11-d) during lactate formation, NADH is reconverted into NAD
12-b) Glucokinase
13-d) PFK-1 is regulated by posttranslational modification such as phosphorylation
14-b) Activated protein kinase A phosphorylates PFK-2 and activates phosphatase domain
15-d) Insulin
16-c) Glycolysis occurs in the presence and absence of oxygen
17-a) Hexokinase
18-b) 2 ATP
19-b) Conversion of glyceraldehydes-3-phosphate to 1-3-bisphosphoglycerate
20-b) Conversion of fructose-6-phosphate to fructose-1,6-bisphosphate
21-c) Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate kinase
22-b) AMP
23-c) Enolase
24-a) Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase
25-c) Lactate dehydrogenase
26-c) Liver
27-d) Acetyl CoA
28-a) Glucose-6-phosphatase
29-d) Acetyl CoA is an activator of enzyme pyruvate carboxylase
30-c) Defect in glucose-6-phosphatase leads to abnormal accumulation of glycogen in liver
31-c) It involves transport of lactate from skeletal muscle to liver for gluconeogenesis
31-b) Glucagon

Carbohydrate Metabolism: MCQ on Glycolysis &Gluconeogenesis Carbohydrate Metabolism: MCQ on Glycolysis &Gluconeogenesis Reviewed by Biotechnology on October 28, 2017 Rating: 5
Powered by Blogger.