Infectious diseases- MCQ on microorganisms that cause infectious diseases

                                             MCQ on Infectious diseases

1. Which of the following types of major infectious diseases are the leading cause of human deaths in developing countries?
a)Diarrheal diseases
c)Respiratory tract infections
e) Malaria

2. A 56 year old man living in a rural part of the Philippines with COPD (chronic inflammatory lung disease) came to the clinic in the city. Symptoms included shortness of breath, abdominal pain, and fever for the last 24 hours, his oxygen saturation level came around 87 which was below the normal range. Pneumonia was suspected thus a sputum sample and blood sample were taken for the gram staining examination, the results were uncertain. 
Further, a wet preparation procedure was done, and under the microscope, worms were detected.
What is the possible diagnosis?
a) Infectious mononucleosis
b) Nocardiosis
c) Strongyloidiasis   
d) Sporotrichosis

3) From the above question (2), which of the following can be the most common route/source of transmission to humans?
a) Close contact with soil and farms    
b) Person to person through respiratory air droplets
c) Through the bite of ticks and fleas
d) Sexually transmitted infection

4) Which of the following are the infectious diseases that can be preventable through vaccination?
Select all the correct answers:
a) Diptheria
b) Measles
c) Hepatitis B
d) HIV      

5) Which of the following microbe is responsible for the disease malaria and is a leading cause of deaths occurring in tropical and subtropical regions?
a) Hepatitis B virus
b) Zika virus
c) Plasmodium falciparum    
d) Pneumocystis carinii

6) Which of the following pathogen is a major cause of diarrheal disease and is a leading cause of deaths occurring in nations that do not have enough safe drinking water?
a) Entamoeba histolytica
b) Vibrio cholera       
c) Shigella dysenteriae
d) Yersinia enterocolitica

7) Name the antibiotic that is most effective for the treatment of the infectious disease typhoid
a) Amphotericin B
b) Rifampicin
c) Retrovir
d) Ciprofloxacin      

8) Which of the following viral infectious disease is the cause of hemorrhagic fever in the chronic stage of the infection?
a) Dengue   
b) Malaria
c) Tuberculosis
d) Polio

9) Which of the following respiratory infection is one of the leading causes of death among people with HIV?
a) Cystic fibrosis
b) Tuberculosis     
c) Nocardiosis
d) Toxoplasmosis

10) Which of the following viruses are the common cause of upper respiratory tract infections?
Select all the correct answers:
a) Rhinovirus
b) Influenza virus
c) Streptococcus pyogenes
d) Coronavirus

1. a)Diarrheal diseases, b)HIV/AIDS, c)Respiratory tract infections, d)Tuberculosis, and e) Malaria
2.c) Strongyloidiasis   
3. a) Close contact with soil and farms 
4. a) Diptheria, b) Measles, and c) Hepatitis B 
5.c) Plasmodium falciparum
6. b) Vibrio cholera  
7. d) Ciprofloxacin 
8. a) Dengue
9. b) Tuberculosis  
10. a) Rhinovirus, b) Influenza virus, and d) Coronavirus