Urinary Tract Infection and microorganisms associated with UTI
1) Which of the following is the least common microorganism isolated from urinary tract infection?
a) Escherichia coli
b) Streptococcus pyrogens
c) Proteus vulgaris
d) Enterococcus faecalis
2) A higher percentage of women get UTI compared to men, all of the following statements are possible risk factors for developing the infection, select all the correct answers?
a) Poor hygiene practices during the periods
b) The anatomy of the urinary system of the women
c) Change in the size of a uterus in pregnancy
d) Hormonal changes in menopause
3) Which of the following term is Not most commonly used for the UTI?
4) A 53-year-old male visited the hospital with low-grade fever and a history of an episode of painful and frequent urination sometimes with blood in the urine. In 4 months he said it was the second time, he recovered within few days by taking plenty of water and some pain-relieving medicines. Physical examination was done, a CT scan was performed and a urine sample was sent for the lab diagnosis, select all the possible clinical features of the infection?
a)Inflammation and enlargement of the prostate gland
b)Presence of bacterial pathogens in a urine sample
c)Inflammation and damage of the uterus
d)Inflammation and presence of stones in the bladder
5) Which of the following is the most common cause of UTI in pregnant women?
a)Changes in the hormones
b)The changes in the size of the uterus
c) Decreased bladder capacity and urinary retention
d) All of the above
6)An elderly 78-year-old diabetic male visited the hospital with pain in the lower abdomen and groin, he also had a fever, fatigue for the last 3 days. Blood sugar level was checked and found to be in the higher range. Further examination was done, prostatitis was suspected and he was immediately admitted. He was put in a catheter and regular observation was done to manage the sugar levels and reduce the infection. After a week the symptoms got worse with recurrent infections, laboratory tests showed gram-negative colonies. Numerous non-lactose fermenters, highly motile bacteria appeared in the culture media. Name the predominant pathogen?
a) Klebsiella oxytoca
b) E. coli
c) Candida albicans
d) Proteus mirabilis
e) Staphylococcus saprophyticus
f) Lactobacillus acidophilus
7) All of the following methods are the effective prevention methods that help in reducing the common UTIs in women, Except?
a) A shower after the sexual intercourse
b) Over the counter medicines for the complete recovery
c) Drink plenty of fluids such as water, cranberry juice
d) Uses of nonirritating feminine products
8)Urinary tract infections can be caused by bacteria, fungi, and viruses
9) All of the following are the commonly used oral antibiotics in the treatment of febrile UTIs in infants and children under 5 years of age, Except?
10) All of the following statements regarding acute pyelonephritis is correct, Except?
a) It is the presence of blood or pus in the urine
b) It is the infection of the bladder
c) The causative organisms are the fecal pathogens
d) Risks factors are age, diabetes, and kidney stones
11) Which of the following is not the common cause of chronic cystitis?
a) Use of catheters for an extended period of time
b) Infection of adenoviruses
c) Abuse of drugs and toxic chemicals
d) Men are more affected than women
2) a),b), c) and d)
4) a), b) and d)