Medical Microbiology: MCQ on Mumps, Meseales and Rubella virues

Multiple Choice Question on Mumps, Meseales and Rubella

1) Paramyxoviruses have all of the following properties, EXCEPT?
a) Consists of a segmented genome
b) Envelope contains of glycoprotein which has fusion activity
c) Has a negative RNA genome
d) Replicate in the cytoplasm

2)  Each of the following pathogens causes respiratory infections in humans, EXCEPT?
a) Respiratory syncytial virus
b) Parainfluenza virus
c) Measles virus
d) Rabies virus

3) Respiratory syncytial virus mainly infect the lower respiratory tract of the lungs causing bronchiolitis and pneumonia mainly in children and elderly people, which of the following virus is not commonly found in the lower respiratory tract infection?
a) Rhinovirus
b) Metapneumovirus
c) Influenza virus
d) Respiratory syncytial virus

4) Which of the following is an example of the natural hosts of Mumps virus?
a) Pigs
b) Bats
c) Horses
d) Humans

5) Measles virus are transmitted through airborne droplets, and is one of the leading causes of respiratory infections mostly seen in children of developing countries. Which of the following statements is Not correct about the epidemiologic features of measles?
a) More than one serotypes of the virus has been identified
b) Humans are the only reservoir
c) Infection confers lifelong immunity
d) The virus can be transmitted from infected mother to the fetus

6) Mumps is a highly contagious viral infection transmitted from person to person, which of the following is not the symptoms of the mumps virus?
a) Fever
b) Muscle aches
c) Swollen salivary glands
d) Skin rashes

7) All of the following statements about measles (Rubeola) and rubella (German measles) are true, EXCEPT?
a) Humans are the only host for the rubella virus
b) Rubella virus specifically invades respiratory system
c) Rubeola virus infection is characterized by maculopapular rashes
d) Rubella can cause serious birth defects

8) Which of the following age group is mostly affected by parainfluenza virus?
a) Teenagers
b) Babies >
c) Elder people
d) School-age children

9) Which of the following statements is correct about congenital rubella syndrome?
a) Child born to a mother who were not vaccinated previously are at higher risks
b) If infected the newborn are present have usually mild infections
c) Ribavirin is very effective drug for the treatment of the infection
d) All of the above

10) After the measles virus enters the host cells and multiplies, the person develops skin rashes within 2 to 5 days after the infection, which of the following is Not the common symptoms related to measles?
a) Red and watery eyes
b) Runny nose
c) High grade fever
d) Enlarged salivary glands

11) Each of the following statements about measles vaccine is correct, EXCEPT?
a) The vaccine was first introduced in 1963
b) It is available only in a monovalent form
c) The vaccine is given only after 15 months of age because of the presence of maternal antibodies which prevents an immune response
d) The vaccine contains live, attenuated virus

12) Mumps virus can infect which of the following organs? Choose the correct answer from options given below
a) Salivary glands
b) Ovaries
c) Pancreas
d) Testes

13) The rubella vaccine consists of an inactivated rubella virus:
a) True
b) False

14) Which of the following statements is true about Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)?
a) Very useful for mRNA quantitation
b) Highly specific assay than serology for certain virus detection
c) Low cost and easily available
d) Helps in the identification of virus strains

15) The vaccine is available for all of the following, EXCEPT?
a) Measles virus
b) Mumps virus
c) Human parainfluenza virus
d) Varicella-zoster virus

Answers
1-a) Consists of a segmented genome
2-d) Rabies virus 
3-a) Rhinovirus 
4-d) Humans
5-a) More than one serotypes of the virus has been identified 
6-d) Skin rashes 
7-b) Rubella virus specifically invades respiratory system 
8-b) Babies
9-a) Child born to a mother who was not vaccinated previously are at higher risks 
10-d) Enlarged salivary glands 
11-b) It is available only in a monovalent form 
12- Option a), b), c), d
13-b) False
14-c) Low cost and easily available
15-c) Human parainfluenza virus


Comments

  1. At the end of the day, you need to ask yourself whether not getting vaccinated is a risk you are willing to take. Japanese Encephalitis While other forms of tetanus are a serious disease, recovery is the norm.

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