Antibiotic resistance pathogens- MCQ, Medical microbiology

                  MCQ on Antibiotic resistant pathogens

1.Overuse of sanitizer may induce resistance in microorganisms
a) TRUE   

2. Which of the following respiratory pathogens are the common worldwide antibiotic resistance bacteria?
a) Staphylococcus aeruginosa and Neisseria gonorrhoea
b) Staphylococcus aureus and Haemophilus influenzae
c) Staphylococcus aureus and Mycobacterium tuberculosis
d) Streptococcus pneumoniae and Mycobacterium tuberculosis     

3. Which of the following gram positive bacteria have become a threat and is considered a global pandemic in antibiotic resistivity?
a) Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)   
b) Mycobacterium tuberculosis
c) Pseudomonas aeruginosa
d) Candida albicans

4. Which of the following group of gram negative bacteria previously susceptible to carbapenem have become resistant (treatment of last resort) to it in recent years?
a) Enterococci
b) Staphylococcus spp and Streptococcus spp
c) Enterobacteriaceae   
d) Spirochetes

5. Which of the following gastrointestinal, gram positive bacteria is an important Vancomycin resistant bacteria?
a) Spirochetes
b) Enterobacteriaceae
c) Bacilli 
d) Enterococci    

6. Which of the following multidrug resistance (MDR) gram negative pathogens are commonly isolated from nosocomial infections and major cause of Healthcare associated infections?
a) Salmonella typhimurium and Shigella sonnie
b) Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumanii      
c) Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus anthracis
d) Enterococci

7. Which of the following gram negative pathogen also known as stomach bug that causes dysenteric diarrhea have emerged as a extensively drug-resistant bacteria (XDR)?
a) Mycobacterium spp
b) Shigella spp    
c) Clostridium spp
d) Bacillus spp

8. According to Central Disease Control (CDC) about 1 million people have died due to antibiotic resistant infections in recent years.
Which of the following is considered the main cause of antibiotic resistance? Select all the correct answers.
a) Overuse of antibiotic drugs    
b) Incorrect prescription of antibiotics (Use of antibiotics in viral infections)   
c) Not following healthcare personnel advise for antibiotic use
d) None of the above

9. The recent 'Shigellosis' outbreak in United States of America developed resistance to which of the following commonly used antibiotics (drug of choice) for the infection?
a) Ciprofloxacin and Azithromycin
b) Rifampicin and Flucanozole
c) Cephalosporin and Imipenem
d) Amoxicillin 

10. Penicillin resistance in Staphylococcus aureus was first observed in which of the following year?
a) 1970s
b) 1940s
c) 1910s
d) 1990s

1. a) TRUE
2. d) Streptococcus pneumoniae and Mycobacterium tuberculosis   
3. a) Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)   
4. c) Enterobacteriaceae   
5. d) Enterococci    
6. b) Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumanii      
7. b) Shigella spp    
8. a) Overuse of antibiotic drugs, b) Use of antibiotics in viral infections, and c) Not following healthcare personnel advise for antibiotic use.
9. a) Ciprofloxacin and Azithromycin
10.b) 1940s