MCQ on parasites, protozoal and helminthic infections - parasitic infections, zoonotic disease

Parasite/ Protozoa

1. Which of the following specimen is taken for the microscopic detection of malarial parasites in humans?
a) Stool
b) Sputum
c) Blood     
d) Urine

2. Which of the following parasite can be transmitted to humans through the exposure of cat feces?
a) Trichomonas vaginalis
b) Toxoplasma gondii        
c) Entamoeaba histolytica
d) Plasmodium falciparum

3. Which of the following parasite is a common cause of diarrhea in humans and some animals?
a) Giardia lamblia     
b) Leishmania donovani
c) Toxoplasma gondii
d) Pneumocystis carinii

4. Which of the following protozoan parasite can be spread to humans by the bite of a sandfly?
a) Entamoeba histolytica
b) Plasmodium falciparum
c) Trichomonas vaginalis
d) Leishmania donovani      

5. All of the following statements are true regarding the parasite helminths, Except?
a) It includes intestinal worms, hookworms, and whipworms
b) They are found only in humans' intestines     
c) Present in soil and can spread to humans through the ingestion
d) Common in tropical parts of the world that lack good sanitary practices

6. Which of the following extracellular parasites can cause sleeping sickness that mostly occurs in Africa?
a) Trypanosoma brucei      
b) Treponema pallidum
c) Hookworms
d) Wuchereria bancrofti

7. A 25 year old female has swollen arms and a right leg with no other specific symptoms, she lives in a rural area of Ghana where proper examination and care facility is not available. She might be suffering from lymphatic filariasis which can be an infection caused by parasites.
Which of the following parasite is the most common parasite that can cause lymphadenopathy or elephantiasis in humans by the bite of mosquitoes?
a) Ringworm
b) Leishmania donovani
c) Wuchereria bancrofti     
d) Taenia solium

8. Which of the following single-cell parasite is one of the major vector-borne blood cell parasites and is a common cause of one of the highest number of human death by any infection?
a) Treponema pallidum
b) Plasmodium falciparum     
c) Crypto parasite
d) Entamoeba histolytica

9. Which of the following parasital disease is one of the major causes of diarrhea outbreaks that occurred in the USA from 2009 to 2017?
a) Filariasis
b) African trypanosomiasis
c) Cryptosporidiosis      
d) Onchocerciasis

10. Sandflies are one of the common vectors that can spread the parasitic infection to humans.
Which of the following symptoms is the most common symptom of chronic visceral leishmaniasis transmitted to humans by the bite of sandflies?
a) Black color skin ulcers, swollen spleen, and liver     
b) Red color skin ulcers, swollen face, and lips
c) No skin ulcers, swollen arms, and legs
d) Brown color skin ulcers, swollen spleen, and kidneys

1. c) Blood
2. b) Toxoplasma gondii
3. a) Giardia lamblia
4. d) Leishmania donovani
5. b) They are found only in humans' intestines  
6. a) Trypanosoma brucei
7. c) Wuchereria bancrofti 
8. b) Plasmodium falciparum  
9. c) Cryptosporidiosis
10. a) Black color skin ulcers, swollen spleen, and liver